*Handling Dementia and Anger: Alzheimer’s Care Challenges*
One patient a Filipino/Indonesian caregiver can take care of is an elderly with Dementia; a progressive loss of mental function due to certain diseases that affects the brain. With this, patients may be irritable and may develop anger issues. Managing anger can be difficult with dementia sufferers. One of the most important skills for Alzheimer’s care providers or for the Filipino/Indonesian caregiver are detecting, defusing, and preventing anger. To help more in understanding, preventing, and handling anger in Dementia/Alzheimer’s care, here are some tips:
• *Physical Triggers.* Check if patient feels any discomfort like, soreness, dizziness, nausea, or exhaustion. They may also be frustrated by the inability to move and do simple physical tasks.
• *Emotional Triggers.* They may become angry from boredom or over-simulation. As their Filipino/Indonesian caregiver, try to entertain them, talk to them and do some simple activities together. Being overwhelmed, lonely, or bored can also trigger anger or aggression.
• *Mental triggers.* One of the leading causes of anger and aggression in Dementia and Alzheimer’s patients is being confused. It can be triggered by losing trains of thought, a sudden change of environment, such as a change of one caregiver to another, and having mixed up memories.
Knowing and understanding these following triggers, as their Filipino/Indonesian caregiver, it is now time to think of preventive and handling measures.
Here are some things to help manage anger outbursts in patients:
• Having determined the cause of distress, see if it’s possible to solve or alleviate the issue. Doing this can stop an issue from becoming worse, and would often help in dispelling their anger.
• As much as possible, avoid physical contact and never react to violence with force, unless personal safety or someone else’s safety is put at stake. When using physical force to control dementia patients often increases their anger and aggression.
• Filipino/Indonesian caregiver must use a calm tone of voice and avoid showing distress, upset, anger, or fear towards the patient. These signs can be easily felt by patients and will most likely make their distress and agitation worse.
• If the patient is in anger, the Filipino/Indonesian caregiver must get out of the room and give patient a time to calm down. This way, defusing or dispelling anger will be easier.
• Instead of arguing or reason with the patient, Filipino/Indonesian caregiver should be kind and reassuring at all times. Being sympathetic and accepting of their anger and frustration will make their anger and agitation easily defuse and dispel.